# MIP 8: Buyback & Make Source

Author Alex Scott https://forum.mstable.org/t/pdp15-buyback-make-pool-creation-mip-8/363 Implemented 2021-02-23

## Simple Summary

It is proposed that MTA’s long term utility and tokenomics can be improved by implementing a buyback-and-make strategy driven by an MTA/ETH/mAsset liquidity pool on Balancer Finance v1. In future, this pool could also be used in mStable’s re-collateralisation mechanism (in the event of an asset de-pegging) or as an incentivisation tool.

## Abstract

A new smart contract will be deployed that deposits a portion of mAsset into a Balancer MTA/ETH/mAsset pool. A percentage of protocol fees that would normally go to savers is proposed to be be diverted into this pool, which will serve as a source of demand for MTA already in circulation.

The Protocol DAO proposes that the pool have the following specifications:

• Private Balancer pool, with the protocol as the only valid liquidity provider. Its utility will be voted on in future governance polls.
• MTA/ETH/mUSD/mBTC, initially at a 50/10/20/20 and sliding to 78/20/1/1 over time as the pool matures. Feedback is sought on the ideal ratio to maintain longer term.
• A percentage of revenue generated across all mAssets on the mStable protocol will be deposited directly to the pool.
• Pool swap fee - 5%, sliding to 2% as the pool matures
• As mAssets build up in the pool, it will effectively buy MTA to return it back to the correct MTA/ETH composition.

This pool would be created and maintained by by the mStable protocolDAO and its signers. Consequently, the mStable Genesis team will not have control over how this buyback-and-make strategy is implemented or improved upon over time. Any significant changes here could be proposed and voted on by Meta Governors and ratified by the mStable protocolDAO.

## Motivation

This proposal creates long term value for the protocol, through bolstering of MTA liquidity and the reflexivity of capturing system value. Buyback & make provides the following key benefits:

• Immediate effect on token liquidity and demand. This causes both immediate and sustainable demand for the system token. As opposed to simply burning the token and taking it off the market, this value can be re-cycled and used as a liquidity pool to support trades through Balancer
• In addition to the immediate effects on liquidity, the value can be used to fund mAsset re-collateralisation for example. This is a decision that could be made by MTA governors as the pool grows in size.
• The reflexivity caused by an increased demand for the token causes a positive feedback loop between other incentives across the protocol, for example providing more powerful rewards for EARN pool participants
• The capturing, storing and utilisation of fees provides long term system value, as opposed to only providing immediate incentives for SAVE participants, which has little lasting impact

## Specification

### Overview

1. Private Balancer pool of MTA/ETH/mUSD/mBTC is created, with a high swap fee (~5%) and the protocol as the only valid liquidity provider
2. A savingsRate variable is set to determine which % of protocol fees should be diverted from SAVE to the pool (a.k.a “revenue recipient”)
3. A smart contract implementing IRevenueRecipient interface is created, which receives mAssets and converts them into ETH before depositing them into this pool
4. The IRevenueRecipient contract is added to the SavingsManager and now fees generated from mStable’s platform will be intermittently converted into ETH and sent to the pool. Conversion is required as mStable organically generates fees in mAsset terms.

### Rationale

Most of this architecture either currently exists, or is trivial to create. For example point 2 - this savingsRate already exists and functions in the current system, but is not yet turned on. The system already has the ability to deposit to IRevenueRecipient. The only new code that needs implemented is the IRevenueRecipient contract and as such the design questions and trade-offs are noted for this.

Pool configuration: composition & swap fees There are a few factors taken into consideration when choosing the composition and swap fees. Firstly, the pool should be primarily MTA, with a portion in ETH to give the pool utility, BAL rewards and exposure to ETH price during a bull market. Secondly, there must exist some method of converting system mAsset revenue into something desired by this pool - so it is logical to simply add the mAssets to the pool. Given that there will be very low liquidity at the beginning, it is important to have higher weightings for mAssets, and a high swap fee, so that the pool can maximise on the value from the deposited mAssets. If we were to have 78/20/1/1 from the beginning, with 1k TVL, depositing 10k mUSD would create inefficient arbitrage opportunities, and some value would be lost.

Depositing in single sided liquidity vs equal distribution Depositing single sided liquidity in ETH or mAsset terms applies buy pressure to the rest of the pool. This will only have a positive effect on MTA, as the other assets are pegged to deeply liquid assets that will not be affected. Therefore, there is no upside to depositing in equal distribution.

Pool configuration on chain vs off chain Managing a pools configuration over long term is not trivial. In order to introduce as little complexity as possible into the system, it is noted that the protocol is not the pool manager, but the only liquidity provider. They therefore have full custody of the assets, with normal MTA governors being able to decide the parameters of the system, and ultimately affecting what the funds will be used for in the future.

## Technical Specification

interface IRevenueRecipient {
function notifyRedistributionAmount(address _mAsset, uint256 _amount) external;
}


New contract: RevenueRecipient

This contract will receive system revenue, verify the collection, and deposit into a given Balancer pool.

This builds on the existing logic in the SavingsManager:

    /**
* @dev Redistributes the unallocated interest to the saved recipient, allowing
* the siphoned assets to be used elsewhere in the system
* @param _mAsset  mAsset to collect
*/
external
onlyGovernance
{
IRevenueRecipient recipient = revenueRecipients[_mAsset];

IERC20 mAsset = IERC20(_mAsset);
uint256 leftover_liq = _unstreamedRewards(_mAsset, StreamType.liquidator);
uint256 leftover_yield = _unstreamedRewards(_mAsset, StreamType.yield);

uint256 unallocated = balance.sub(leftover_liq).sub(leftover_yield);

`